economist salary


An economist is a professional who studies and analyzes the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. They use data and economic models to understand patterns and trends in the economy, and make predictions and recommendations based on their findings. Economists can work in various sectors including government, academia, financial institutions, and research organizations. In this article, we will explore the role of economists, their salary range, and factors that impact their earnings.

What Does an Economist Do?

Economists collect and analyze data to study various economic factors such as employment rates, inflation, interest rates, and economic growth. They use statistical techniques and mathematical models to identify patterns and relationships between different variables. This analysis helps them understand the current state of the economy and predict future trends.

Economists also conduct research to answer specific questions or evaluate the impact of economic policies and programs. They may study the effects of tax policies, trade agreements, or changes in regulations. Their research findings provide valuable insights and inform policy decisions.

economist salary

Salary Range of Economists

The salary of an economist can vary depending on several factors such as education, experience, specialization, and location. In general, economists earn competitive salaries compared to many other professions.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), as of May 2020, the median annual wage for economists in the United States was $108,350. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $62,460, while the highest 10 percent earned more than $185,020. The exact salary can vary significantly based on individual circumstances.

Factors Affecting Economist Salaries

1. Education and Experience: Economists with advanced degrees, such as a Ph.D. in Economics, often earn higher salaries compared to those with only a bachelor’s or master’s degree. Additionally, economists with several years of experience and a track record of successful research or analysis may command higher salaries.

2. Specialization: Economists can specialize in various fields such as labor economics, environmental economics, financial economics, or international economics. The demand for economists in different specializations can impact salary levels. For example, economists working in academia or research institutions may earn lower salaries than those in the private sector or consulting firms.

3. Geographic Location: The cost of living and demand for economists can vary across different regions. Economists working in metropolitan areas or regions with a high concentration of financial institutions may earn higher salaries compared to those working in rural areas or economically disadvantaged regions.

4. Industry or Sector: Economists can work in diverse industries, including government agencies, financial institutions, consulting firms, and non-profit organizations. Salaries can vary based on the demand for economists in each sector and the level of competition.

Career Outlook for Economists

The job outlook for economists is relatively positive, with a projected growth of 14 percent from 2019 to 2029, according to the BLS. This growth is faster than the average for all occupations. Economists with strong quantitative and analytical skills are in high demand as businesses and organizations increasingly rely on data-driven decision-making.

However, competition for economist positions, especially in academia and research institutions, can be strong due to the limited number of openings available. Economists with advanced degrees, specialized knowledge, and practical experience will have the best job prospects.


Economists play a crucial role in understanding and shaping the economy. Their work in analyzing data, conducting research, and providing recommendations helps governments, businesses, and organizations make informed decisions. The salary range for economists can vary based on factors such as education, experience, specialization, and location. Despite competition, the job outlook for economists is positive, with strong growth expected in the coming years. If you are considering a career in economics, acquiring advanced education and specialized skills can enhance your earning potential and job prospects.

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